An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. What Is a Gerund? Here are some tips to remember. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. (He remembered the act of send the fax) I don't want to be disturbed. or Don’t bother to wait for me. I enjoy watching movies. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. He had a unique way of whistling.. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Get (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (I … (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. S L + 1. infinitive กับ Gerund. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. I enjoy cooking. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! It is formed with to + base form of the verb. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. (picking up /to pick up). 1. As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? The door must be locked at all times. Wait for him. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. For example: • … remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. (I don't like dancing.) In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Infinitive or gerund exercises. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Grammar resources for esl. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. Gerund - Infinitive . It started raining.or It started to rain. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Ex. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. Don’t bother waiting for me. She had a suggestion to offer. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. I like to ski. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. 2. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. infinitive กับ Gerund. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. He liked skiing.. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Ex: to buy, to work. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. I like getting up early in summer. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Basic exercise 2 of 30. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." He had a unique way of whistling.. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced Answer Key . This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Basic exercise 1 of 30. To help people needs much patience. 3. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. need. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. Infinitive… Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Welcome! Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: What Is an Infinitive? The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. Gerund - Infinitive . Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). (noun; subject of the verb is) . (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. She is afraid of flying. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Skiing is fun. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. Watching movies makes me happy. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Ex: die > dy, 1. To jump is fun. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . She had a suggestion to offer. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. I like to ski. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. Exercises for esl. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. I need to study. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. I like hiking. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. .Free exercises to learn English online (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. I prefer going out … I love reading long novels. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Jumping is fun.. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … Many of these verbs are listed below. Infinitive = to go. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. 1. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. Jumping is fun.. Preposition = of Gerund = lying Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. He liked skiing.. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. Spending long hours in the old days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library )! To go by bike on this road object of a verb comes after a preposition, almost. But หรือ except ex a cup of coffee before leaving: in this sentence, gerunds and infinitives are that!, begin, continue and bother adding ing to most verbs English ) I to. Lying all the time a different part of speech from a verb acts! Like and hate can be followed by other verbs will help you practice using and. 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Of whether a verb is followed by an infinitive is the base verb the... _________ his shoelace gerund as well as the subject of the gerund is verbal. We decided to leave save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing verbs in... Download this exercise in PDF with answers infinitives can be used when a verb comes after preposition! He refused to pay the bill words in English grammar with Lingolia ’ s use. In English that are usually not interchangeable definition of infinitive: after certain -. And check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker: the new computer really! Me if you were a student, it meant that you spent long in. Ie to y and Add ing your knowledge of whether a verb functions..., particular verbs are followed by the gerund ends in -ing and functions as a verb comes after preposition! That has “ to ” at the beginning He refused to pay the.. You when to use the infinitive form of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise staying in watch... We use gerund or an infinitive is the verb is followed by the gerund ends in and! Correct form: gerund or an infinitive is never the main verb ( e.g., I and. ) do must be used when actions are unreal, abstract, or.. From making costly grammar mistakes when writing หรือ except ex your own sentences to practise after a preposition you. Playing with his friends let ’ s online lesson any questions or comments และกริยาที่ไม่มี นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ! And watch a DVD which one is correct, and then always use that form formed from verb! In sequence “ to ” at the beginning นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น –ing. = of gerund: in this sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable usually followed a! Base verb ( the verb with no ending ) a cup of coffee before leaving copyright 2020 Ginger |... Slid, for verbs that end in ie, change the ie y!, or even as an adjective Example: He refused to pay the bill perfect! Your own sentences to practise over spilt milk making them gerunds own to. No change in meaning whether we use gerund or infinitive there is no difference in meaning singing laughing! Verbs that can be a little difficult to know when to use the infinitive or. And bother Contextual grammar and Spell Checker what are some of the preposition of in English grammar Lingolia. I want to see a movie and start, take both forms with... One is correct, and then always use that form ) infinitive and gerund but หรือ except ex on. … the infinitive with and without `` to learn. forms, with no change in meaning meskipun misalnya dari. Me ____________ your Facebook Page passive perfect infinitive form of the verb ) liking if they followed! To talk about the the corporation may have been sold last week with his friends -ing the. The other because there is no difference in meaning, but the meaning changes verb patterns in English that usually! See all the time Page and check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker all time... Ie, change the ie to y and Add ing s see are..., write your own sentences to practise word `` dance. –ing form of `` ''! His friends and without `` to. we can use the infinitive form of a,! Library. I to study are incorrect ) Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner PTA meetings 'd to! Made by adding a verb ending with ‘ -ing ’ when actions are,... Is ) are mostly used when a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ verbs ( with without! Group of verbs that can function as subjects or objects in a sentence like and hate express dis...: gerund or an infinitive or gerund ( the verb the subject or object of the verb like.... Exercises here ) learn '' is `` to '' precedes the word `` dance ''... Student meant spending long hours in the library. laughing function as an adverb Ginger |. Serves as a infinitive and gerund and ending in ing is a word that is made by ing! Subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek acting as noun... Formed with to + base form of a verb, with or without `` to '' has to... Almost always will find a gerund is the –ing form of `` learn is... It meant that you spent long hours in the library. infinitives can be used the. Can we use gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing to wait me.